江苏快三开奖结果

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向 Deepfake 宣戰!

本文作者:Rachel 2020-01-14 09:21
導語:做得不夠好總比什么都沒做要好。

江苏快三开奖结果Deepfake,ZHEYI AI LINGYUDE“DADULIU”,ZHENGZAIYINQIYUELAIYUEDUOLAIZIXINGYEDEFANJI。

江苏快三开奖结果DANGDISHIJIAN 2020 NIAN 1 YUE 6 RI,Facebook QUANQIUZHENGCEGUANLIFUZONGCAI Monika Bickert ZAIBOKEZHONGBIAOSHI,Facebook JIANGSHANCHUMANZUQIBIAOZHUNDE Deepfake SHIPIN。ZHESHI Facebook DAJIPINGTAISHANG「CAOZONGMEITI」(Manipulated Media)DEZUIXINDONGZUO。

向 Deepfake 宣戰!

【 TUPIANLAIYUAN:  SUOYOUZHE:HUASHENGDUNYOUBAO 】

Monika Bickert 表示:

江苏快三开奖结果SUIRAN Deepfake SHIPINDANGQIANZAIHULIANWANGSHANGRENGRANHENSHAOJIAN,DANQISHULIANGDEZENGJIAJIANGHUIDUIXINGYEHESHEHUIGOUCHENGZHONGDATIAOZHAN。

何為 Deepfake?

江苏快三开奖结果Deepfake,DAJIAKENENGHUODUOHUOSHAOTINGGUOMINGZI。

江苏快三开奖结果2017 NIANDI,MEIGUOSHEJIAOXINWENWANGZHAN Reddit DEYIWEIYONGHU Deepfakes YUNYONGRENGONGZHINENGJISHU,ZHIZUOLEYIDUAN“JIA”SEQINGSHIPIN,BA《SHENQINVXIA》NVZHUJIAO Cal Gadot DELIANJIAJIEDAOYIGECHENGRENDIANYINGNVXINGSHENSHANG,YISHIJIANYINQIHONGDONG。

江苏快三开奖结果SHIJISHANG,HUANLIANZAIJISUANJISHIJUELINGYUPOWEICHANGJIAN,TIDAO AI HUANLIANDEFANGFA,YIGERAOBUKAIDEHUATIBIANSHI Cycle GAN——RENLIANZHUANHUANZAIZAOQIDEYIGEZHONGYAOCHANGSHI。 Cycle GAN YOUSHENDUXUEXIMOXING GAN(Generative Adversarial Networks,JISHENGCHENGDUIKANGWANGLUO)YANSHENGERLAI,KEYIBIANJIEDIXUEXILIANGGELEIBIEZHIJIANDEZHUANHUANGUANXI,YINERTIANRANDISHIYONGYU「TUXIANGDAOTUXIANGZHUANHUAN」。

BUGUO,Cycle GAN BAOZHENGLEYUYISHANGDEZHUANBIAN,QUEMEIFABAOZHENGYIXIEXIJIEWENTI,ERZUIZHUYAODELIANGDIANBIANSHIBIAOQINGWUFAYIYIDUIYING、HUICHUXIANHUNZAWUYIYIDEXIANGSU。

不同于 Cycle GAN,Deepfake 是一種深度自動編解碼器模型(Autoencoder-Decoder),通過用源人物和目標人物的至少幾百張照片,訓練模型分別識別、還原兩人面部的能力,最后用源人物的照片搭配目標人物的解碼器,從而完成轉換。(詳見雷鋒網此前報道

向 Deepfake 宣戰!

【 TUPIANLAIYUAN:  SUOYOUZHE:GitHub 】

DANGRAN,Deepfake YEYOUJUXIAN——WUFAZAIXIAOYANGBENSHANGGONGZUO,YEJIUSHISHUOWUFAPINGYILIANGZHANGZHAOPIANJIUTIHUANLIANGZHANGLIAN,MOXINGDEXUNLIANGUOCHENGYEXUYAOXIAOHAODALIANGZIYUAN。

LEIFENGWANGLEJIEDAO,YOUYUYONGHU Deepfakes ZHIZUOBINGSHANGCHUANDEHUANLIANSHIPINSHEJISEQINGNEIRONG,QIEQINFANLETARENYINSI,Reddit GUANFANGJIANGQIFENGHAO,ERZUOWEIBAOFU,Deepfakes YEJIANGHUANLIANSHIPINDE AI DAIMAMIANFEIGONGKAI。

潘多拉的魔盒一打開,Deepfake 開始憑借著驚人的發展速度、逼真的換臉效果,并最終造成了惡劣的社會的消極影響。荷蘭網絡安全初創公司 Deeptrace 曾于 2019 年 10 月發布了一份關于 Deepfake 現狀的報告(詳見雷鋒網(公眾號:雷鋒網)此前報道江苏快三开奖结果),并指出網絡上現有的 Deepfake 視頻中有 96% 涉及色情,各大色情網站上流傳的 Deepfake 視頻中,所有受害者均為女性;同時,娛樂圈名人成為 Deepfake 視頻的主要惡搞對象。

江苏快三开奖结果LINGWAI,Deepfake DUIZHENGJUDEYINGXIANGYEBURONGXIAOQU,QIZHONGZUIWEIDIANXINGDELIANGGELIZISHI:

  • 2018 NIAN,YOU Deepfake HECHENGDEJIAPENGZONGTONG Ali Bongo XINNIANZHICISHIPINCENGYINQILEBINGBIAN;

  • 江苏快三开奖结果2019 NIAN,MALAIXIYAJINGJIBUCHANG Azmin Ali YUNANXINGFASHENGXINGGUANXIDESHIPINJIAODONGLEMALAIXIYAZHENGJU(LEIFENGWANGZHU:TONGXINGXINGGUANXIZAIMALAIXIYASHUWEIFAXINGWEI,Azmin Ali SHENGCHENGSHIPINSHIYOU Deepfake JISHUWEIZAO,SHUZHENGZHIYINMOU);

ZHENGRUHELANWANGLUOANQUANCHUCHUANGGONGSI Deeptrace CHUANGSHIRENJIANSHOUXIKEXUEGUAN Giorgio Patrini SUOSHUO:

WULUNSHISHIPIN、YINPINHUANSHIWENBEN,WOMENYIZHIYILAIYILAIHEXINRENDEDUOGESHUZITONGXINQUDAODOUYIZAODAOLEDIANFU。

政府、企業、學界聯合發力

Deepfake SHIPINDEFAZHANZIRANERRANYINFALERENMENDEKONGHUANGYUSHENSI。YINCI,GEDAKEJIQIYEYEKAISHILIANHEXUESHUJIEZUOCHUXINGDONG,BIMIANZAOCHENGGENGSHENDEFUMIANYINGXIANG。

江苏快三开奖结果ZHENGRUNIUYUEZHOULIDAXUEGONGCHENGYUYINGYONGKEXUEXUEYUANLVSIWEIJIAOSHOUSUOSHUO:

江苏快三开奖结果 JIEJUEZHEYIWENTIXUYAOJISHURENYUAN、ZHENGFUJIGOU、MEITI、GONGSIYIJIMEIYIGEZAIXIANYONGHUDEGONGTONGNULI。

江苏快三开奖结果2019 NIAN 9 YUE 5 RI,Facebook CTO Mike Schroepfer XUANBU,Facebook ZHENGYUWEIRUANGONGSILIANHEBAOKUOMASHENGLIGONGXUEYUAN、NIUJINDAXUE、KANGNAIERKEJIXIAOQUHEBOKELIDAXUEZAINEIDEDUOSUODAXUEYANJIUJIANCE Deepfake DEFANGFA,TONGSHIFEIYINGLIXINGYANJIUZUZHI Partnership on AI YECANYUQIZHONG,GAIZUZHIDECHENGYUANBAOKUO Google、PINGUO、YAMAXUN、IBM DENGDAXINGKEJIGONGSI。

江苏快三开奖结果LINGWAI,Facebook TOURULE 1000 WANMEIYUANFAQI“Deepfake JIANCETIAOZHANSAI”(Deepfake Detection Challenge,DFDC),JINGSAIYU 2019 NIANMOZAIWENGEHUAJUXINGDE NeurIPS 2019 SHANGZHENGSHIQIDONG,BINGYU 2020 NIANCHUNJIJIESHU,JINERJILIYANJIURENYUANYIJIYEYUAIHAOZHEXUNZHAOJIEJUEFANGAN。

DANGYUE,Google AI KAIYUAN Deepfake SHIPINJIANCESHUJUJI,GAISHUJUJIGONGBAOHANLAIZI 28 GEBUTONGCHANGJINGDEYOUZHENRENYANYUANLISHI 1 NIANXIANCHANGPAISHEDE 3000 DUODUANSHIPIN。

向 Deepfake 宣戰!

2019 NIAN 10 YUECHU,MEIGUOCANYIYUANQINGBAOWEIYUANHUIDE Mark Warner HE Marco Rubio ZHAOJILEBAOKUO Facebook、Twitter、YouTube、Reddit HELINGYINGZAINEIDE 11 JIAKEJIGONGSIFUZEREN,ZHIZAIJIAKUAIZHIDINGXINGYEBIAOZHUN,GUIFAN AI HECHENGNEIRONGDEFENXIANG、YICHUJICUNDANG。YUEMO,Twitter FABULEPINGTAINIJIANGZHIXINGDECAOAN,BINGGONGKAIZHENGJIYONGHUYIJIAN。

ZHENGRUBENWENKAITOUTIDAODE,Facebook JINRIFABUBOKE,GONGKAILEZHENDUI Deepfake SHIPINDEXINZHENGCE。

江苏快三开奖结果BOKETIDAO,Facebook JIANGSHANCHUFUHEYIXIABIAOZHUNDECAOZONGMEITI:

  • 江苏快三开奖结果GUODUBIANJIHUOHECHENGDESHIPIN,WUDAOGUANZHONGYIWEISHIPINZHONGDERENWUSHUOLETAMENSHIJIBINGMEIYOUSHUOGUODEHUA;

  • TONGGUO AI HUOJIQIXUEXIJISHUDUIYUANYOUSHIPINSUCAIJINXINGZHENGHE、TIHUANHUODIEJIASHENGCHENGDESHIPIN。

江苏快三开奖结果ZHIDEYITIDESHI,DUIYUBUFUHESHANGSHUBIAOZHUNDESHIPIN,DISANFANGSHISHIHECHAYUANYEHUISHENCHA(BAOKUO Facebook DEQUANQIU 50 DUOGEHEZUOHUOBAN,JIANGSHIYONG 40 DUOZHONGYUYANJINXINGHECHA)。RUGUOSHIPINBEIPINGDINGWEIXUJIAHUOBUFENXUJIA,Facebook JIANGMINGXIANJIANSHAOQIZAI News Feed XINXILIUZHONGDECHUANBO,YONGHUZAIFENXIANGGAISHIPINSHIYEHUISHOUDAOTIXING。

江苏快三开奖结果TONGSHI,Facebook ZHICHU,XINZHENGCEBUSHIYONGYUSHEJIMOFANGHUOFENGCINEIRONGDESHIPIN,YIJIJINZUOLESHANJIANHUOGAIBIANLESHUOHUASHUNXUDESHIPIN。

Facebook 新政策充滿爭議

江苏快三开奖结果MEIZHIKUXINMEIGUOANQUANZHONGXIN CNAS JISHUYUGUOJIAANQUANXIANGMUZHUREN Paul Scharre CENGJINGGAOSHUO:

Deepfake JUYOUJIDADEPOHUAIXING,LIYONGTALAICAOKONGXUANJUZHISHISHIJIANWENTI。

YINCI,JINRU 2020 NIAN,SUIZHUBENJIEMEIGUOZONGTONGDAXUANLINJIN,ZUOWEIQUANQIUZUIDADESHEJIAOMEITIPINGTAI,Facebook CIJUZIRANYEKAOLVLEZHENGZHIFANGMIANDEYINSU。

LEIFENGWANGLEJIEDAO,Monika Bickert DEBOKEYUTAJIJIANGCHUXIGUOHUIGUANYUWANGLUOCAOZONGHEQIPIANDETINGZHENGHUIZHIQIANFACHU,ZHEKENENGBINGFEIQIAOHE——JULI 2020 NIANDAXUANZHISHENG 10 GEYUESHIJIAN,HENSHAOYOUNAGEZHENGZHIJIECENGDERENDUI Facebook ZAIMINZHUJINCHENGZHONGFAHUIDEZUOYONGGANDAOMANYI,CICIZHENGCEDEXUANBUSIHUSHI Facebook ZAIXIANGDANGJUZHENGMINGZIJIDENENGLI。

TANDAOZHENGZHI,YOUJIDE,2019 NIANYIDUANMEIGUOMINZHUDANGYIYUAN Nancy Pelosi DEYANJIANGSHIPINZAODAOEGAO(SHIPINBEISUJIANGDIZHI 0.75X,Nancy Pelosi YINDIAOYEBEIDIAOGAO),SHIQIKANSHANGQUHENXIANGSHIZUIJIUZHUANGTAI。HENKUAI,ZHEDUANSHIPINJIUCHUANBIANLEGEDASHEJIAOWANGLUO,DUIDANGSHIRENXINGXIANGZAOCHENGLEJIDAYINGXIANG。

DUICI,Facebook BIAOSHI,YOUYUSHIPINSHUYUCHANGGUIJIANJI,BINGWEIWEIFANPINGTAIDERENHEGUIDING,YINCIBUHUISHANCHU;BUGUOJIANYUQIFUMIANYINGXIANG,Facebook JIANSHAOLEGAISHIPINZAIPINGTAIDECHUANBO。

江苏快三开奖结果ZHEYIZUOFAZHAOZHILEGUANGFANPIPING,ER Facebook CICITUICHUDE“XINZHENG”YEWEIZHENDUILEISIQUNIAN Nancy Pelosi SHIPINDEXUJIANEIRONGGEICHULINGRENXINFUDECELVE,YINCICHONGMANZHENGYI,ZHENGYIDEZHUYAOYUANYINYOUYIXIAJITIAO:

第一,第 1 條標準只適用于那些「讓觀眾誤以為視頻中的人物說了他們實際上沒有說過的話」的視頻,也就是說不包含那些讓觀眾誤以為視頻中的人物做了他們實際上沒有做過的事情的 Deepfake 視頻。

QISHIZHESHIGEHENDADELOUDONG。ANZHAO Facebook DESHUOFA,NAPAYIGE Deepfake SHIPINLIMIANYOUZHENGKEFENSHAOMEIGUOGUOQI,CANJIABAIRENMINZUZHUYIJIHUI,HUOYUKONGBUFENZIWOSHOU,Facebook YEBUHUISHANCHUSHIPIN。SUIRANYISHANGDOUSHI「JIDUANQINGKUANG」,DANZAIWAIJIAOZHENGCE、GUOJIAANQUANHEXUANJUCHENGXINFANGMIAN,ZHEXIEWANGWANGSHIZUIJINYAODE。GANGADESHI,Facebook YIWEIFAYANRENDEQUEXIANGMEIGUOFUFEIMEITI OneZero ZHENGSHI,ZHEXIEQINGKUANGXIAPINGTAIBUHUISHANCHUSHIPIN。

第二,第 2 條標準對于控制虛假信息的傳播效果有限江苏快三开奖结果,因為現階段絕大多數此類視頻依然是通過視頻剪輯軟件來編輯的,通過手動刪除背景信息或調整語序,視頻剪輯者便到達了“斷章取義”的目的。正如紐約大學斯特恩商業和人權中心副主任、政治虛假信息專家 Paul Barrett 所說:

GENJU Facebook DEXINZHENGCE,JIBIANSHIXUJIASHIPIN,DANYINWEICUANGAIDESHOUDUANBUXIANJIN,SUOYIBUHUIBEISHANCHU。

第三,Facebook 在博客里提到的「事實核查政策」有嚴重的局限性江苏快三开奖结果。美國《連線》雜志作家 Renée DiResta 認為:

江苏快三开奖结果 SHISHIHECHAZHENGCEDEYIGEZHUYAOWENTIJIUSHITAIMANLE,ZAICHAMINGSHISHIZHIQIAN,SHIPINYIZHIZAIBINGDUSHICHUANBO;ERQIERUGUOSHEJIDAOZHENGZHI,DADUOSHURENBINGBUHUIXIANGXINSHISHIHECHADEJIEGUO,ZHESHENZHIHUANHUISHENGJIWEIDANGPAIZHIZHENG。

江苏快三开奖结果YIGEHENHAODELIZHENGBIANSHI——2019 NIAN Facebook DESHISHIHECHAJIZHIQIDONGSHI,Nancy Pelosi DESHIPINYIJINGGUANGWEICHUANBO,ERQIEZUIZHONGYEMEIBEISHANCHU,FUMIANYINGXIANGBINGWEIJIANGDI;MIANDUIWANGLUOBAOLI,Nancy Pelosi HUANZHIZE Donald Trump TUANDUIYEYOUBUKETUIXIEDEZEREN(LEIFENGWANGZHU:SHIPINZHONG Nancy Pelosi ZAITANLUN Donald Trump)。

第四,該政策僅針對視頻。近日,美國亞利桑那州共和黨眾議員 Paul Gosar 在 Twitter 上發了一張前總統 Barack Obama 與伊朗總統握手的偽造照片。Facebook 證實,這確實也不在新政策針對的范圍內。

第五,該政策最大的漏洞是不適用于涉及模仿或諷刺的視頻。實際上,虛假信息制造者往往是利用“諷刺”的標簽做幌子,一次次順利通過 Facebook 的事實核查,病毒式傳播著帶有明顯誤導性的消息。除非 Facebook 明確定義什么才算“諷刺”,否則 Deepfake 視頻借著“諷刺”的名號蒙混過關也不是不可能。

第六,該政策可能有向權貴低頭之嫌江苏快三开奖结果。據《紐約時報》報道,Facebook 的一位發言人發郵件稱:

RUGUOZHENGZHIYANJIANGFUHEGONGZHONGLIYI,Facebook BUHUIDUIQIJINXINGSHENCHA。 RUGUOSHIZHENGZHIRENWUWEIFANLEPINGTAIGUIDING,WOMENJIANGTONGGUOQUANHENG「GONGGONGLIYIJIAZHIHESUNHAIFENGXIAN」LAIJINXINGPINGGU。

江苏快三开奖结果DUICI,《NIUYUESHIBAO》RENWEI,SUOWEIDE「GONGGONGLIYIJIAZHIHESUNHAIFENGXIAN」DINGYIMOHU,DANKEYIQUEDINGDESHI,ZHENGZHIRENWUSHISHOUDAOBAOHUDEJIEJI。RUCIKANLAI,ZHENGZHIRENWUCAOZONGSHEJIAOMEITI,SIHUBIPUTONGRENGENGRONGYI。

江苏快三开奖结果ZAIPIPINGSHENGBUJUEYUERZHISHI,YEYOUYIXIERENSHIBIAOSHILEDUIZHEYIZHENGCEDEKENDING。

BIRUFEIYINGLIZUZHI WITNESS DEXIANGMUZHUGUAN Sam Gregory BIAOSHI:

WORENWEIZHEGEZHENGCEHENHAO,ZAI Deepfake CHENGWEIYIGEPUBIANDEWENTIZHIQIAN,SHEJIAOPINGTAISHOUXIANYAOQINGCHUDIBIAOMINGLICHANG,XUANBUTAMENDEJUTIZHENGCE,ZHESHIHENZHONGYAODE。

江苏快三开奖结果LINGWAI  RENWEI,ZUODEBUGOUHAOZONGBISHENMEDOUMEIZUOYAOHAO,ZHISHAO Facebook DEXINZHENGCEKAOLVDAOLEYIXIEKENENGCHUXIANDEDIANXING Deepfake SHIPIN,ZHEDUIZHENGZHISHIYOUJIJIYIYIDE。CHENGRAN,RUJINJUEDADUOSHU Deepfake SHEJISEQING,ERFEIZHENGZHI,DAN Facebook YIZHIYILAIJINZHILUOLUHESEQINGDEGUIDINGQISHIYEYIJINGYOULEBUCUODEXIAOGUO。

江苏快三开奖结果ZAILEIFENGWANGBIANJIKANLAI,Facebook YIZHIYILAILIANHEQIYE、XUESHUJIE、ZHENGFUZUOCHUDENULI,DEQUEBIAOXIANCHULETAZUOWEIQUANQIUZUIDASHEJIAOMEITIDESHEHUIZERENGAN;DANBUDEBUSHUO,MIANDUIRANGZHONGDUONVXING、MINGRENSHENSHOUQIHAIDE Deepfake,Facebook DEBOKEXIANGSHIYIFENKAOLVBUZHOUDE、CONGCONGJIAOSHANGDEDAJUAN。

江苏快三开奖结果YAOYOUXIAODIBIMIANSHOUHAIZHEQUNTIGENGJIAPANGDA,HUOXUHUANDESANSIERHOUXING。

LEIFENGWANGYUANCHUANGWENZHANG,WEIJINGSHOUQUANJINZHIZHUANZAI。XIANGQINGJIAN。

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